Vacation is fun, until you realize your skin has turned two shades darker due to suntan! Don’t you worry, because there are effective methods to get rid of tanned skin. With the right skin care approach, you no longer have to worry about stepping out on the beach.
The first step before starting any skincare regimen is understanding your skin and the science behind your individual concerns. So let’s look at all the causes, types and treatments for tanning.
- What is Tanning?
Tanning is the process of melanin (skin pigment) increase caused by exposure to sunlight. This is the body’s natural way of shielding the skin from sun damage.
Areas Prone To Tan
- Causes of Tan
The solar spectrum (sunlight) consists of UV (ultraviolet) rays at three wavelengths –
• UV A
• UV B
• UV C
When UVA rays penetrate the layers of the skin, they signal the melanocytes (skin’s cells) to produce excess melanin (skin-darkening pigment), which further darkens due to oxidation and causes tanning
- Tan Removal Treatments
Suntan harms the immune system and can lead to further skin damage and aging. So you must analyze your skin type and fight it with the right tan removal treatments accordingly.
You can try one of these treatments to exfoliate dead skin cells and wash out excess melanin:
A. Laser Toning
A dermatologist uses a laser device to break down the melanin pigment and minimize the tan. Lasers (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) are sources of high-intensity monochromatic coherent light.
When used on the skin, this light energy converts into heat energy to target a specific chromophore (skin pigment-melanin) without harming the surrounding tissue. They penetrate the deeper layers of the skin to get rid of the excess melanin.
B. Chemical Peels
These are used to remove the superficial dead skin layers that have accumulated excess melanin.
Chemical peels use glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, or carbolic acid (phenol). Based on the intensity, chemical peels are classified as
• Superficial peel
• Medium peel
• Deep peel
Microdermabrasion exfoliates the dead skin cells that contain excess accumulated melanin pigment.
It promotes new cells to regenerate more quickly than they would ordinarily. The result – skin that looks firmer, more toned, and more youthful. There are two methods:
Crystal Microdermabrasion: Tiny particles are sprayed on your face through a wand.
Diamond-tip Microdermabrasion: Your skin is exfoliated with direct contact by an applicator.
D. Tan Removal Creams:
Most tan removal creams available in the market lighten the upper layers of the skin. A good tan removal cream or serum penetrates the deeper layers of the skin to inhibit the enzymatic activities that cause melanin production. People can go for Newish De-Tan Face Pack .